Syria

Déhès II : les pressoirs

$105

Author:

Callot, Olivier

Publisher:

Institut Francais du Proche-Orient

Publisher City:

Beirut

Year:

2017

Edition:

First Edition

ISBN:

9782351597323

Weight:

1000 g

Dimensions:

28*22

Reference ID:

h16637

Quantity:

1

Keyword:

Syria, Massif Calcaire, Dehes, Grapes, Olives, Roman Period, Byzantine Period, Umeyyad Period.

227 pp. of French text, double columns, Plates; b/w figures; biblio.; footnotes, title printed in Arabic and French, Ouvrage publie avec le concours du ministere de l'Europe et des affaires etrangeres et du Centre national de la Recherche scientifique (UMIFRE 6, USR 3135), copy new in mint condition. BAH 210.
The Village of Dehes, located in the Gebel Baricha, north of the Massif Calcaire (Limestone Massif) in Northern Syria, has 29 presses and from 1998 to 2010, we were able to excavate 20 presses. Contrary to what has been written up to date, the vast majority of these installations are meant to press grapes and only 3 (possible 5) are olive presses. Small installations using stone rollers to crush grapes were quickly replaced by more efficient presses with levers driven by winches. Only in the 4th and 5th centuries on were the same presses transformed into presses using levers and screws, becoming even more powerful. Most of these presses continued to be used into the Umayyad Era and certain installations seem to have been built during this period. It was only in the 9h century, at the beginning of the Abassid period, that this region began to decline and was eventually abandonment.
 

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